Landscape painting has been practiced in Europe since ancient Greece. It is primarily concerned with the concrete depiction of nature. But culture or human-made worlds may also be their subject.
The concept of landscape painting is often closely associated with realistic art, but idealizing and surreal landscape paintings are also assigned to this direction.
For example, the famous romantic painter Caspar David Friedrich added “feeling” to landscapes’ realistic depiction. He created atmospheric “romantic landscape paintings” through his typically intense and previously over-realistic coloring, which has made this genre of art one of the most popular forms of painting to this day.
If you are looking for modern art and fine arts landscape painters from the 20th Century or the Hudson River School from the 19th Century, you will find the play with the effect of light in unique landscape painting. You can also search for 17th-century style oil on canvas and Barbizon School where the subject matter; you will always find the best landscape painters on Eventeus.com online talents’ marketplace and artistic network and platform.
Discover JMW Turner’s descendants and painters inspired by significant artists such as Jacob van Ruisdael, Caspar David Friedrich, van Gogh, Thomas Cole, Claude Monet, John Constable, and other landscape oil painting artists for your next commissioned work or to find your next piece of art.
What is landscape art?
In European art, landscape painting has only been demonstrable as an independent genre since the Renaissance. Depictions of nature and landscapes as a background for historical events already existed in the ancient Egyptian and Minoan cultures (17th Century). The first illusionistic landscapes appear in Roman art (Pompeian wall painting).
The painting of the Middle Ages mainly concentrated on the representation of figures. The landscape gained new importance in the 13th Century in Italian painting (Giotto) as a background and action scene.
Decisive impulses came in the following period from the Dutch-Burgundian book illumination (brothers Limburg, Hubert and Jan van Eyck). The earliest example of a topographically accurate representation (Lake Geneva) is the “Petri fishing trip” by Konrad Witz. One of the first pure landscape pictures north of the Alps is A. Altdorfer’s painting “Danube landscape with Wörth Castle near Regensburg”
Landscape art in the 16th century
In the Dutch art of the 16th Century, the so-called “world landscape” (J. Patinir, P. Bruegel the Elder) can be found as a symbol of the cosmos. A. Elsheimer developed the light-filled, atmospheric ideal landscape in Rome around 1600 as the setting for mythological or religious scenes.
He had a decisive influence on C. Lorrain and, above all, N. Poussin, who is considered an outstanding master of the heroic landscape.
Landscape painting became an independent genre in Dutch art of the 17th Century. It reached its peak with artists such as J. Ruisdael and Rembrandt.
After the idyllic park landscapes (A. Watteau) of the 18th Century, the romantics in the 19th Century tried to symbolize man’s unity with nature in their landscapes (PO Runge, CD Friedrich).
French artists of the Barbizon School (C. Corot), whose landscape paintings were based on nature’s direct study, set a new direction.
The Impressionists’ landscape pictures, which were created directly in the great outdoors, dissolved the landscape forms into light and color values. For the Expressionists (G. Munter, W. Kandinsky), the landscape remained an important pictorial object. French abstract painting and surrealism (M. Ernst) owe important impulses to landscape painting.
Landscape painting is also a significant branch of the fine arts in China and Japan, while the pre-Columbian cultures of South America did not know about landscape painting. There is landscape painting as part of the highly developed book illumination of Persia and India in Islamic art.
Who are famous landscape artists?
The attraction of Europe for many artists over the centuries has been the variety of landscapes they have been able to capture on canvas. There is a challenge for every artist’s creative eye, from the lush green hills on the Lang to rocky mountains against a cobalt blue sky to the gray clusters of houses on a busy riverbank.
Here we explore various places where famous artists have found inspiration. In this collection, we see artists who have visited a neighboring city or country, those who have taken once-in-a-lifetime trips, and others who have never returned.
Here you will find the most popular landscape artsist through the ages:
- Claude Monet
- Gustav Klimt
- Vincent van Gogh
- Paul Klee
- Franz Marc
- Wassily Kandinsky
- Caspar David Friedrich
- August Macke
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir
- Leonardo da Vinci
- William Turner
- Egon Schiele
- Jan Vermeer
- Carl Spitzweg
- Albrecht Dürer
- Paul Gauguin
- Rembrandt van Rijn
- Pablo Picasso
- Alphonse Mucha
- Max Liebermann
- Raffael – Raffaello Santi
- Paul Cezanne
- Sandro Botticelli
- Salvador Dali
- Amedeo Modigliani
- Michelangelo Caravaggio
- Hieronymus Bosch
- Catrin Welz-Stein
Who is the landscape artist of the year?
The landscape painting has long been seeking official recognition. It was not until the 17th Century that the theme became a full-fledged pictorial genre, alongside history painting, portraiture, and still life.
In the 19th Century, it experienced its most striking development, with the birth of the Barbizon School in 1830. Open-air painting became more democratic, and nature appeared to be the most inspiring of subjects. Green forests, rocky cliffs, and cultivated fields become the favorite landscapes of specific painters. Moreover, these paintings are among the greatest paintings in the history of art.
The top ranking for “landscape painter of the year” over the past 5 years was:
- 2015: Nerine Tassie
- 2016: John Ball
- 2017: Tom Voyce
- 2018: Jen Gash
- 2019: Fujiko Rose
What are the landscape painting techniques?
Landscape painting has been an independent genre in Europe since the 16th Century.
The term “Landscape” (Italian “paese,” later “paesaggio”) and the first theoretical contributions in which a distinction is already made between different categories of the landscape come from this time.
Who doesn’t like the landscapes of Impressionism and Romanticism? Here we have the feeling of feeling the landscape, maybe even breathing and smelling it. It is probably one of the landscape painting goals to feel and represent the essence of nature while painting.
In the studio or outdoors according to a template
The painting of landscapes begins with the search for a motif and some first drafts. How you do it depends on the type of landscape painting you want to do.
There are two different methods of painting landscapes: On the one hand, painting from your sketches or, on the other hand, depicting them from templates/photos.
Painting according to your own ideas usually requires sketching outdoor. Because this is the only way, you can capture the immediate impressions.
In addition to drawing with a pencil, the watercolor and pastel colors are particularly suitable for this. You can then paint these first drafts on canvas in a peaceful and quiet in the studio. Som
e painters, such as the Impressionists, painted their oil paintings in nature. The high impact of the impressionist landscapes shows how effective this painting method is.
Of course, it is particularly nice to paint your own vacation photos or use them for inspiration.
Landscapes can be painted using any painting technique. Each color shapes the painting style and the application of paint to give the landscapes a unique character.
The oil paint has natural coloring and can be painted smoothly and finely, particularly suitable for color or tone value gradients. Most of the famous landscapes were painted in oils.
One disadvantage of the colors is the slow drying time. Especially when you want to paint in nature, you come up against practical limits with this painting technique.
The watercolor paint is predestined for outdoor painting and as a painting material for travel. The painting utensils take up little space: the paint box, brush, water, and painting pad can be easily stowed in a small bag or backpack. This painting technique is often used for painting landscapes, especially to capture the impressions in nature.
Acrylic painting is more suitable for painting in the studio, as the acrylic paints dry quickly when the weather is nice and sunshine. The upbeat coordination of the color tones gives the landscapes an artificial touch.
You can watercolors with acrylic paint and enlarge your landscape watercolors in the studio on canvas with glazes. The illustrated watercolor painting by August Macke can also be painted in acrylic.
Pastel painting can be used well for painting landscapes. With the simple application of paint, you can sketch impressions of landscapes in a short time. However, the loosely lying pastel dust must always be fixed, which makes painting outdoor difficult.
Where to find landscape paintings for famous artists?
A notable phenomenon in the art world, the emergence of online stores have succeeded in democratizing the purchase of works of all kinds, paintings, photographs, watercolors, lithographs, etc.
These digital galleries have the common feature of offering an alternative to physical art galleries and to open art to the general public.
The person who does not dare to push the door of traditional galleries to fear being frightened by exorbitant prices can now freely visit these online shops and acquire a work according to his budget. Focus on these rising values of the art market!
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